DBHD 1.4.1 Canada / nuclear repository plan delivered




... there is 7.812 Dry Storage Containers (DSC) to bring into deep rocksalt in Canada



the 2nd biggest amount of nuclear waste on earth !?  it will cost 150.240 CAD per DSC


to store the spent Candu fuel into deep safe rocksalt geological repository in Canada ...







>>> Storage Pellet for DBHD 1.4.1 Canada nuclear repository
Diameter = 16,18 meter / Concrete pellet height = 6,55 meter
Sand is layer = 1 m. high / 1.203 m3 concrete / 8 DSCs/pellet
DBHD = Deep Big Hole Disposal (D=12 meter SBM drill)




>>> DBHD 1.4.1 Canada - with the special „Canada-Pellet“

stores 832 „old“ DSC containers in a deep, safe, closeable
nuclear repository in rocksalt New Brunswick, Nova Scotia








the Canadian DBHD is also a very good example for the required US nuclear repository - not Yucca











This is the actual technical drawing of DBHD 1.4.1 Canada

a very efficient nuclear repository plan with 832 DSC's per

DBHD column - Locations : New Brunswick and Nova Scotia


















Microsoft Excel-Dokument [72.6 KB]




>>> Final Calculation for DBHD 1.4.1 Canada nuclear repository ready now - Final

in the 3 rd approach - using the efficient Canadian DSC storage pellet - that is an

investment OPG, Bruce, NB Power is able to do - it is time for geological storage !
























Please send your opinion on DBHD 1.4.1 Canada nuclear repository plan to NMWO :


S'il vous plaît envoyez votre opinion à DBHD 1.4.1 plan de dépôt nucléaire Canada à NMWO :





pgierszewski@nwmo.ac - Dr. Paul Gierszewski / Safety Case Leader at NWMO



ben.belfadhel@nwmo.ac - Mr. Ben Belfadhel / Site Selection at NWMO


bob.watts@nwmo.ac - Mr. Bob Watts / Indigenous Relations at NWMO


derek.wilson@nwmo.ac - Mr. Derek Wilson / Chief Engineer Safety Case 


contactus@nwmo.ac - General Email Adress of Nuclear Waste Managem. Orga.


doug.taylor@nwmo.ac - Mr. Doug Taylor / Vice President / Gen. Counsel at NWMO


georgina.kossivas@nwmo.ac - Ms. Georgina Kossivas / Chief Financial Officer NWMO


jennifer.spragge@nwmo.ac - Ms. Jennifer Spragge / HR and Ethics at NWMO


laurie.swami@nwmo.ac - Ms. Laurie Swami / CEO at NWMO


lisa.frizzell@nwmo.ac - Ms. Lisa Frizzell / Stakeholder Relations at NWMO


michael.hung@nwmo.ac - Mr. Michael Hung / Risk Officer / Strategist at NWMO


mahrez.ben.belfadhel@nwmo.ac - Mr. Ben Belfadhel / Site Selection at NWMO


mion@nwmo.ac - Ms. Mihaela Ion / Conference organisator at NWMO



Please do some reading and more reading before you send your opinion.

Be straight but friendly - these people are only trying /doing their jobs.

Better you base your opinion on facts - be constructive - help us a lot ...







If you want to contact the main developer of DBHD 1.4.1 please contact :


info@ing-goebel.de - Mr. Volker Goebel / Dipl.-Ing. / Switzerland


info@dbhd-hlw.de and info@art-tel.de








You can also write a "short opinion" to Prof. Akira who brought me to work :



akira.tokuhiro@uoit.ac - Mr. Prof. Dr. Akira Tokuhiro / Univ. Ontario











Actually 7.812 white Dry Storage Containers in Canada fully packed and welded tight >>> 150.240,- Canadian Dollars cost for each white DSC for its geol. long term disposal within DBHD 1.4.1 Canada Locations New Brunswick and Nova Scotia deep rocksalt




... near Pembroke, Ontario / Canada

very long winter in Canada this year

remember - there is always spring ...




















We had to develop a DBHD CA plan based on the following NWMO information :



- Amount of DSC's = 7.812 (white Dry Storage Containers - sealed, welded)


- Decay heat per DSC = 1,54 KW (a nuclear decay heat " in the beginning ")


- Measurement of DSC's Canada = 2,41 x 2,12 x 3,55 m / 70 tons when loaded


- Safe geological storage for +100.000 years in a suitable hostrock geology


- Selection of repository site = We propose : New Brunswick / Nova Scotia


- Safe transport to geological repository site = We propose a ship transport



DBHD 1.4.1 was accepted as Key Note contribution No. 1 to NWMDER Conference





>>> Ladies and Gentleman - file your "papers and studies" and make your


bookings now on : https : // www . cns-snc . ca / events / nwmder 2019 /


the 4 th Canadian conference on nuclear waste repository management ...







Actually we are working hard to complete the "full paper"

for the NWMDER Conference - Ms. Mihaela Ion allowed

us to send a far bigger size then a 1 MB paper because

the technical drawings and tables are full of very good

information but a bit heavier in data size then only text


With only text you will never make it to nuclear disposal

because a nuclear repository is always an entrance buil-

ding into an old geology - we get that "full paper" done for

4th NWMO conference - we show you DBHD 1.4.1 in it ...






















>>> Choose your storage pellet




as the amount of concrete used


is one of the main price-factors


you have to make a choice now :
















1. Canada accepted DBHD as key note contribution

No. 1 to NWMDER Conference - Thank you ...




2. Canada (NWMO) has send container measurement data and decay heat data in March 2019



3. we are actually working on DBHD 1.4 Canada with given realistic waste heat data table now !



4. then we received the desired amount of DSCs we have to plan for : 7.821 DSC's in minimum !!!





... and all that happend because NWMO just failed completely with the "6 th safety case calculation"

on the horizontal in the mud empty corridor idea

that was developed ? by NWMO for so many years !














This is our company logo - we got to live from

the nuclear repository planning work we do for 

your company : NWMO " Nuclear Waste Management Organisation "









we charge "every country" 375.000 EUR per year that we worked

on the "specific concept that is used to cover the clients needs" !



For DBHD 1.4.1 Canada we charge you 2.95 Mio. Canadian Dollars

NWMO can pay in one payment, or in 10 payments over 10 years


If you make use of DBHD without payment - we sue you for the full

amont of the percentage that engineer offices get in your country


In our country that is 5 % of 12.500.000.000 CAD = 625.000.000 CAD

Therefore we find a law firm - working on a success base contract


Please send money to CH16 0070 0110 0038 6441 5 Volker Goebel

Start with at least 295.000 CAD - NOW - you have received a plan


We are thankful for your payment - after 5,25 years development

Best regards from Volker Goebel / Dipl.-Ing. / Nucl. Rep. Planner















you failed with your own nameless horizontal repository plan

without DBHD you actually have Nothing after so many years

and all the Millions of Canadian Dollars you spend on this shit

are gone !!! but you still have a team - able to work on DBHD







For years we told you, wrote you, sended you pictures like this for that you give up on the

childish, unsafe, undeep, no specific, wet, un-closeable stupid horizontal storage with all

the empty corridors ... After years now you have to confess that this idea does not work !

Do you have any idea how many other countries you miss-leaded with that stolen ideas ??

You also missleaded your 3 clients, your people, your politicians and your own families !!

Well, nuclear repository was a "wicked problem" until it was solved by the DBHD planning.










one of our US clients has to proof a repository plan to get a building permit for a new NPP














Actually the Canadian nuclear waste is stored in densly populated areas, and NWMO made the historic mistake, to search in the neighbouhood of these interim storages - for a long

term storage without any specific suitable hostrock geology - because you had big fear to  transport nuclear waste. Did you notice that Darlington, Pickering and Bruce are close to

the water and that the main transport can be done be Ship/Boat to a suitable geology ...

The Canadian rocksalt is deep in New Brunswick border to Nova Scotia - build DBHD there














Only a deep old (250 Mio. yrs) rocksalt geology can do long term nuclear repository 









Dear NWMO - do not put it somewhere in the mud - store nuclear waste deep in rocksalt

A 250 Mio. yrs old geology from Perm age will stay another 1 Mio. years in the same place

Where there is deep rocksalt for so long - there it is dry and warm for Mio. of years now ...

You have a top super world rocksalt geology in Canada - huge, deep and of a massive size 

And your 3 clients, the people and the politicians will like the location on the borders too.

That is a safe Ship transport into a not densly populated area where there is good geology.

The people there get huge compensation payments and they like the massive invest in this far away lonely remote area. - Most they will like the safe storage that DBHD offers them.














We found some geological information from here - but it needs a certain work to draw a map like we have one from all drilling cores that reached depth around -2.300 Meters, and even then it will need expensive probe core drilling to be sure that a certain spot of land got some DBHD geology underneath - Put the geologists at work to look into ROCKSALT !!!






There is always a lot of pressure on the government geologist to give data

if a request for a nuclear repository comes in !!! - They only do their work.


Usually Geologists are very honorable people, earth scientist - that work

for the people, the industries and government - a difficult balance always


We did an official request for geology data on 4 leading geologists - they

have the honor and the pain to give out rocksalt geology data or nothing.


All in all 70 % of the people of every western country want to have a safe

geological repository - and everybody like the idea not to have it in town.


It is the Ministry that decides if the geological information is given or not.

All i can say is - DBHD 1.4.1 is eternally safe - and that is all i can say ...


Never ever blame a government geologist for doing his public duty work.

The Geologists are people with pride and honor - never ever forget that 



















It is a certain group of people, with an honest scientific technical approach that can find

the good concepts in situations where some still believe in the past ideas Generation 0.1

With DBHD 1.4 we worked on a repository concept that makes us beest of all the papers in the world ! The latest technologies and the most honest and radical scientific approach ...

ALL 14.700 nuclear waste experts of the world have seen the DBHD .pdf and they wrote

"Thank you" and wanted more information - DBHD is approved by all the worlds experts !






















and - DBHD is already lectured at the Institute of

Technology at the University of Ontario / Canada























DBHD is also published in the leading engineering magazine in Canada


Canadian Consulting Engineer Journal / Edition December 2018






























Keep your Canada clean

" for the next 20.000

generations of Canadians "


that includes your kids


Solve your 60 year old

nuclear waste problem

with geological storage










Isit possible to store spend Candu fuel over long time in the biosphere ??? - NO



In the last 60 years you/me/we have not be able to make any use of the spent Candu fuel emitting hard gamma radiation - the public got enough of this old old story of re-using it !


Russia does it in BN 800 and each KWh cost 3 times more then before - 1. the re-using of spent fuel is dangerous (kg of PU) - 2. it is dirty and gets no permission in western countries 3. and it does not make sense at all in economic terms !!!


For these 3 reasons spent fuel is worldwide going to be stored in geological repository


In Europe geological  repository for spent fuel and vitrified waste is by law since 2010. 






The people do not want to have the spent fuel in their neighbouhoods !!! it is high time to store it in a safe manner - we know where it is then - if any further use is developed in the next 500-800 years - they can go there again to dig it out ... 





12,5 Bio. CAD over 80 years = 156 Mio. CAD / year


Still too expensive !? for a 36 Mio. people country



150.240 Canadian Dollar per DSC for geological disposal

plus safe transports from interim storage to DBHD sites



















It is one of our tasks to make you understand what elements DBHD is made of 

and all surface installations are all going to be build back to zero after app.

3-6 years of use ... Only the upper casing pipe in ground water area stays ...

As you can see in the preview pictures we are working with your white DSC



Start information : there is 384 FB (fuel bundles) in one DSC

DSC = Dry Storage Container / concrete and welded metal




1x white DSC with 3,55 x 2,12 x 2,41 Meters = 1,54 KW 

(decay heat in the beginning - a calculated and not measured heat emission)

the 40 years old DSCs will give away much less heat - measure them - NOW



8x white DSC per DBHD 1 Pellet = 8 x 1,54 KW = 12,32 KW



328 DSC's x 12,32 KW = 4.040 KW = "4,04 MW"



The Canadian HLW (in the beginning) got 4,04 MW

The German HLW (old and measured) got 2,83 MW



taking in account that there is also "older and colder" Canadian HLW from 1980 to start with, we can say that the decay heat is very much the same - No wonder, because the heavy metal in both Castor and DSC is both around 10 tons - so Physics are the same !




We do not need the temperature of a DSC in the beginning !!

what we need is the decay heat data for your oldest DSCs !!


The heat limit of DBHD 1.4.1 Canada is the temperature that builds

up in geological rocksalt storage - from what we know by : Dr. G.

Herres. We see a limit of 832 DSCs if they give out 4,04 MW heat.







8.320 DSCs contain ONLY 3.194.880 fuel bundles


DBHD 1.4 Canada is safe - but it is too expensive !


we have to make a Version 1.4.1 with less concrete


and more DSC's per DBHD ? if heat limit allowes !?


it needs more precise decay heat data by NWMO


start measuring the oldest DSC's Canada got ...







can you overwork / add this Excel table please ?


We need to know how much KW or MW decay heat

from 832 DSC that is 40 years old - please help ...


Microsoft Excel-Dokument [14.8 KB]


can you overwork / add this Excel table please ? 


We need to know how much KW or MW decay heat 

from 832 DSC that is 40 years old - please help ...












In concrete pellets - the concrete-metal DSCs - are safe because :


- the mountain-pressure does not reach and open the DSC


- the aggressive salt does not reach the DSCs metal skin


- the 300 kg Plutunium each DSC contain stays undercritical


- no earthquake can breake a column - single pellets can move


- no heat expansion can destroy the pellets - therefore sand fugue




but - does it really need "so much" concrete ? (German Angst)

is 5 meter to all directions the right distance ? (German Angst)

or does 1.5 meters also do a good work there ? (Canada Real ! )







that is the NWMO calculation - the numbers for DBHD are not much different




DBHD offers a real suitable repository geology

DBHD comes with an acceptable location

DBHD is deep, dry and safe

DBHD is closeable























you might wonder about the Magnetit powder within the DBHD concrete pellets - during the thermodynamic calculation we found out that the concrete does not allow the heat to come out as quick as required - therefore we must add some Magnetit to push up the thermal conductivity - there is 1.203 m3 concrete and 70 m3 Magnetit per storage pellet within DBHD 1.4.1 Canada.














>>> Choose your storage pellet




as the amount of concrete used


is one of the main price-factors


you have to make a choice :


















Dear Mr. Volker Goebel:

On behalf of the NWMDER 2019 Program Committee, I am pleased
to inform you that the following submission has been accepted
to appear at the conference:

DBHD - Deep Big Hole Disposal in rocksalt layer New
Brunswick / Nova Scotia



To upload your revised abstract and full paper, please visit the following site:


The full paper formatting instructions are available on the conference website, under Author Information:


Looking forward to receiving your full paper.

Best Regards,

Paul Gierszewski
Track Chair, 6. Used Nuclear Fuel & High Level Waste Management









Dear Dr. Paul Gierzewski,

Dear Prof. Dr. Akira Tokuhiro, Dear Dr. G. Herres, Dear Prof. Dr. Philipp,

Dear NWMO repository team Toronto Canada,


Thank you very much for accepting the DBHD proposal submission

That looks very much like a start for a cooperation NWMO & DBHD

First i inform Prof. Dr. Akira Tokuhiro - then i complete the paper ...

We are thinking about safe ship transport to New Brunswick sites.

We are thinking about safe ship transport to Nova Scotia sites too.


Will you please send information about the Canadian spend fuel

container including height, width, length and weight - for sure we

also need details on how to attach it to a cable to make you the

plan for DBHD 1.4 Canada. - send data to : info@ing-goebel.de 

(16 March - most of the requird data was send by NWMO now)


Please save some money to be able to " invite " me for a week ...

Ing. Goebel wants to present DBHD 1.4.1 at NWMDER conference

Am sure that Prof. Dr. Akira Tokuhiru and i will be able to bring

the required solutions into NWMO for that you succeed with the

most wicked storage problem we ever had to find a solution for.


Wish you a very good and successful day in beautiful Canada.


Best regards to you and best greetings to NWMO team from

Volker Goebel / Dipl.-Ing.

Nuclear Repository Planner ww



































It is the owners of the Canadian Nuclear Power Plants who decide

it is the Canadian people and politicians of Canada who decide

NWMO and Dipl.-Ing. V. Goebel has to follow these decisions


Do you want an 80 years program for deep safe geological nuclear repository ???













the cost of geological long term storage in DBHD 1.4.1 Canada

for each of the white 70 tons DSC is 150.240,- Canadian Dollars

plus transport from interim storage to big hole on disposal site


the european approach to nuclear repository is "fully in public"

to win the trust of the people living in the repository area - to

win the trust of the society & the politicians (it's by law here)





















the cost of geological long term storage in DBHD 1.4.1 Canada

for each of the white 70 tons DSC is 150.240,- Canadian Dollars

plus transport from interim storage to big hole on disposal site


the european approach to nuclear repository is "fully in public"

to win the trust of the people living in the repository area - to

win the trust of the society & the politicians (it's by law here)























Why DBHD 1.4.1 Canada is a safe repository that lasts tight 1-10 million years :


- safety arises from storage in a 250 million year old rocksalt geology !

  We assume that a geology sited there dry and warm for 250 million years

  will stay another 1-10 million years more dry and warm there - Safe storage

- the DBHD stores so deep, that even deep ice age scarfs do not reach the

   deep nuclear repository (check the existing scarf depth in your country)

- every meter distance between the biosphere and the later open DSCs is

  a meter safety - there is radiation, fast gases and toxic to keep away ...



- in rock salt even the hardest gamma radiation only reaches 30 cm far !!!

- The rock salt does not allow volatile gases such as the IOD 129 escape !!!

- The rock salt also isolate the highly toxic properties of nuclear waste !!!


- The safety arises from the good quality storage depth -1.350 to -2.100 m.

- The safety arises from the perfect closure - it is salt grain from the hole

  drilling filled back in the hole and the XXL mountain pressure presses it

  again to rock salt - a perfect closure that can only be done mountain

  pressure! (Depth required) Expanding Bentonite would shrink later ...



- We work with your white DSC / HLW container as the 70 tons DSC container is !

- the all-round 1.5 m. concrete encapsulation is an additional watertight barrier

  that also keeps the mountain pressure away from your not so solid container type

- slidable single concrete pellets are poured - a column could break in an earthquake

- 1 meters of sand layer between the pellets because of the thermal expansion.


We will reach the planned drilling depth - even if the walls there are +63°C hot

when we arrive there - the slow geothermal heat flow "in the mountain" is with

only 5.4 W / mK rather minimal, so that the wall and the floor remain relatively

cool when the ventilation and the Flow-Ice buckets have cooled the environment

The new amount of heat is low - DBHD will reach - 2.100 meters storage depth.


Risks: To bring down the 70 tons DSC/HLW Container you have to put it on one

Transport steel or Dynema rope diameter 60 mm ! - Should a DSC crash down

onto 7 more waiting HLW containers i will certainly open one - then we must

give up the hole and close as planned. Or we just poor some concrete over it ?


Every DSC/HLW transport is a risk transport because even a bazooka / Panzerfaust

can open the most expensive containers ever. - We can be glad to have the DSC's

and other good containers - protect containers with a weapon proof hull during

street transport. It needs armored wagons for the many transports. Safety first.


The safety gain from the geological DBHD disposal is worth these risks. Nobody can

effectively guard the interim storage facilities - especially not for very long periods ...


DBHD 1.4 has passed a second thermodynamic detection. (Dr. G. Herres / Germany)

(the deeper German version - for the Canada version we have to calculate again ...)


What has to come now is the numerical long-term proof in Comsol Multiphysics.

For sure NWMO experts can calculate that - but is always good to double check.

Aging of DSC containers by corrosion, heat transport in the rock salt layer, and

Earthquakes, and IOD 129 inclusion and and - that is a task for GRS Germany, or

Amphos 21 Spain, or VTT Finland to work on it. (Offers are currently available)

Calculate : Geo-mechanics, Geo-chemistry, Corrosion and Thermodynamics


This is an XL calculation in Comsol Multiphysics - Multichemics - Very time-consuming ...

The geometry of the DBHD 1.4.1 Canada / DSC must be taken over exactly in 3D please.


A safe nuclear repository is possible and Canada got the deep rocksalt geology for it.


MfG - Volker Goebel - Dipl.-Ing. -  nuclear repository planner ww


















What it needs NOW is the 1 Mio. yrs proof CALCULATIONES - with parallel AGING-SIMULATION

Themes : Thermo-Dynamics - Geo-Mechanics - Geo-Chemics and Corrosion - Comsol or Ansys










Microsoft Excel-Dokument [44.9 KB]



>>> Time Table Plan for "10 x DBHD 1.4.1 Canada nuclear repository"
it takes app. 73 to 80 years to build the 10 DBHD in deep rocksalt of
New Brunswick and Nova Scotia >> NWMO, OPG, Bruce and NB Power














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Volker Goebel / Dipl.-Ing. / Endlager-Fachplaner / Nuclear Repository Planner ww / 8832 Wilen bei Wollerau / Schweiz / Tel ++41 079 424 61 48 / info@ing-goebel.de